Civil litigation is the process of resolving disputes between individuals, organizations or businesses through the court system. It typically involves one party (the plaintiff) suing another party (the defendant) for damages or some other form of legal relief.

Examples of civil litigation cases include personal injury lawsuits, contract disputes, property disputes, employment disputes, and family law cases such as divorce and child custody battles.

What is Civil Litigation?

Civil litigation is a legal process in which two or more parties, who are not involved in criminal proceedings, attempt to resolve a dispute through the court system. It is a process of resolving legal disputes between individuals, businesses, or organizations through the court system, where one party brings a legal claim against another in a civil court. Civil litigation can involve a wide range of issues, including contract disputes, personal injury claims, property disputes, employment matters, and many other types of legal disputes.

Civil litigation typically involves several stages, including pre-trial discovery, motion practice, settlement negotiations, and trial. During pre-trial discovery, both parties exchange information and evidence related to the case. Motion practice involves the parties submitting various legal motions to the court, such as motions to dismiss or motions for summary judgement. Settlement negotiations may take place at any stage of the litigation process, and involve the parties attempting to reach a settlement outside of court. If the case does not settle, it will proceed to trial, where a judge or jury will hear the evidence and render a decision.

Types of Civil Litigation

Types of Civil Litigation:

Civil litigation refers to the legal process in which one party, known as the plaintiff, sues another party, known as the defendant, in order to seek compensation or some other form of relief. Here are some common types of civil litigation:

  1. Personal Injury: If one person has suffered harm or injury due to the actions or negligence of another party, and seeks compensation for damages such as medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.
  2. Contract Disputes: Where parties have entered into a legal agreement and one party has breached the terms of the agreement, resulting in a dispute.
  3. Employment Disputes: An employee or employer has been mistreated, discriminated against, or wrongfully terminated, and seeks compensation or other relief.
  4. Real Estate Disputes: A dispute over ownership, use, or possession of real property, or over the terms of a real estate contract.
  5. Intellectual Property Disputes: If there is a dispute over ownership or infringement of patents, trademarks, copyrights, or trade secrets.
  6. Debt Collection: If a creditor seeks to collect a debt from a debtor, often through legal action.
  7. Landlord-Tenant Disputes: Where there is a dispute between a landlord and tenant over issues such as rent payments, eviction, or repairs.
  8. Medical Malpractice: A healthcare professional has acted negligently or inappropriately, resulting in harm to a patient.
  9. Product Liability: A manufacturer or seller of a product is held liable for harm caused by a defective or dangerous product.
  10. Insurance Disputes: If there is a dispute over coverage, payment, or interpretation of an insurance policy.

Steps to follow in a Civil law case

Here are the typical steps to follow in a civil litigation case:

  1. Consult with an attorney: If you believe you have a case, consult with an attorney who specializes in the area of law that pertains to your situation. They will evaluate your case and advise you on the best course of action.
  2. Filing the Complaint: If you decide to proceed with a lawsuit, your attorney will file a formal complaint with the court, detailing the facts of your case and the legal claims you are making against the defendant.
  3. Service of Process: The defendant must be served with a copy of the complaint and a summons to appear in court. This is usually done by a process server or sheriff.
  4. Answer: The defendant will have a certain amount of time to respond to the complaint, either admitting or denying the allegations.
  5. Discovery: Both parties will engage in the discovery process, which involves exchanging information and evidence related to the case. This can include depositions, interrogatories, and requests for documents.
  6. Motions: Either party may file motions with the court, requesting a ruling on a particular issue or requesting that certain evidence be excluded.
  7. Settlement negotiations: Parties may engage in settlement negotiations at any point during the litigation process.
  8. Trial: If the case is not settled, it will go to trial, where each side will present evidence and argue their case to a judge or jury.
  9. Verdict and Judgement: The judge or jury will render a verdict, and if the plaintiff is successful, the court will enter a judgement in their favor.
  10. Appeals: Either party may appeal the judgement to a higher court if they believe there were errors made in the trial or judgement.

What is a litigator?

A litigator is a lawyer who specializes in representing clients in civil litigation cases. They are responsible for managing all aspects of a case, including researching the facts and the law, drafting pleadings and legal documents, negotiating with opposing parties, and advocating for their clients in court.

Litigators work in a variety of practice areas, including personal injury law, employment law, business litigation, and real estate disputes. They may represent individual clients, small businesses, or large corporations, depending on their area of expertise.

A Litigator must have strong analytical and communication skills, as well as the ability to think strategically and adapt to changing circumstances. They must also be well-versed in the rules of civil procedure and have a deep understanding of the legal issues involved in their clients’ cases.

Overall, litigators play a critical role in helping clients navigate the complex legal system and achieve a positive outcome in their civil litigation cases.

Role of a Civil Litigation Attorney

A civil litigation attorney is a legal professional who represents clients in non-criminal legal disputes, such as contract disputes, personal injury cases, and property disputes. Here are some of the key roles and responsibilities of a civil litigation attorney:

  1. Assessing the case: He will evaluate the merits of a client’s case and advise them on the best course of action.
  2. Investigation: Attorney will conduct a thorough investigation into the facts of the case, including gathering evidence and interviewing witnesses.
  3. Legal research: A civil litigation attorney will research the relevant laws and regulations that apply to the case, and use that information to build a strong legal argument.
  4. Drafting legal documents: He will prepare legal documents such as complaints, motions, and pleadings.
  5. Representing clients in court: A civil litigation attorney will represent clients in court and argue their case before a judge or jury.
  6. Negotiation: This man will attempt to negotiate a settlement between the parties before the case goes to trial.
  7. Client communication: He will keep clients informed about the progress of the case and advise them on important decisions.
  8. Advocacy: He would advocate on behalf of their client, working to ensure that their legal rights are protected and their interests are represented.

Overall, a civil litigation attorney plays a critical role in helping clients navigate the complex legal system and achieve a positive outcome in their case.

Confusion regarding Civil Litigation

Here are some common areas of confusion regarding civil litigation:

  1. The difference between civil litigation and criminal litigation: Civil litigation involves non-criminal disputes between parties, such as contract disputes, personal injury cases, and property disputes, while criminal litigation involves cases where a person is charged with a crime.
  2. The burden of proof: The burden of proof is typically lower than in criminal cases. In civil cases, the plaintiff must prove their case by a preponderance of the evidence, while in criminal cases, the prosecution must prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
  3. Time frame: These cases can take a long time to resolve, often lasting months or even years, while criminal cases typically move more quickly through the court system.
  4. Settlement vs. trial: Many cases are settled out of court through negotiation, while criminal cases typically go to trial.
  5. Cost: It can be expensive, as attorneys’ fees and court costs can add up quickly. Criminal defendants are typically provided with a public defender if they cannot afford an attorney.

It’s important to consult with a qualified attorney if you have questions about civil litigation, as they can help clarify any areas of confusion and guide you through the legal process.


Recommendation to get better Civil Litigation help 

If you are seeking the best service for civil litigation, here are some recommendations:

  1. Research and find a reputable law firm or attorney: Look for a law firm or attorney with a good track record and reputation in civil litigation. You can ask for recommendations from friends, family, or other professionals in the legal industry.
  2. Experience and expertise: A law firm or attorney with experience and expertise in civil litigation. Make sure they have handled similar cases to yours and have a good success rate.
  3. Communication: Find a law firm or attorney that is easy to communicate with and keeps you informed throughout the litigation process. They should be responsive to your queries and keep you updated on the progress of your case.
  4. Cost: Consider the cost of the service and ensure that it is within your budget. You can discuss the cost upfront with the law firm or attorney to avoid any surprises later on.
  5. Compatibility: Choose a law firm or attorney that you are comfortable working with. You should feel confident in their abilities and trust their advice.

Overall, the key is to do your research and choose a law firm or attorney that fits your needs and has the expertise to handle your civil litigation case effectively.


Civil Litigation Help or Advise 

“JK Associates” is a top-ranked Corporate Consultancy and Law firm in Bangladesh with an international presence providing specialized services in Intellectual Property Rights, Corporate Affairs, Foreign Trade and Investment, Taxation, and Litigation. ‘JK Associates’ is always there to give you legal help or advice of your need.  

☎ 02-8090785 (9.30am – 6.30pm), +8801511-404971, +8801973-404971, +8801601-404971
📍 Head Office: 752/2, City Bank Building (6th floor) Begum Rokeya Ave, Mirpur, Dhaka 1216
📍 Branch: 74, RH Home Center, B/1 Green Road Dhaka- 1215
Get Directions or Send a Message